Jews During the Holocaust. Crimes Against Humanity. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Basic History. Introductory History to The Holocaust. Could We Have Stopped Hitler? Life for Jews in Pre-War Germany. Simon Wiesenthal's 36 Questions. Why is the Holocaust Unique? Displaced Persons.
Deadful way to Auschwitz
Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Jewish Resistance. Jewish Partisans. Jewish Partisans in Poland. Jewish Partisans in Belorussia. Leaders of the White Rose Resistance Organization.
An emaciated year-old Russian girl looks into the camera lens during the liberation of Dachau concentration camp in Dachau was the first German concentration camp, opened in More than , people were detained between and , and 31, deaths were declared, most from disease, malnutrition and suicide. Unlike Auschwitz, Dachau was not explicitly an extermination camp, but conditions were so horrific that hundreds died every week. It began with a simple boycott of Jewish shops and ended in the gas chambers at Auschwitz as Nazi Germany attempted to exterminate the entire Jewish population of Europe. In January , after a bitter ten-year political struggle, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. German Jews were mostly cosmopolitan in nature and proudly considered themselves to be Germans by nationality and Jews only by religion. They had lived in Germany for centuries, fought bravely for the Fatherland in its wars and prospered in numerous professions. But they were gradually shut out of German society by the Nazis through a never-ending series of laws and decrees, culminating in the Nuremberg Laws of which deprived them of their German citizenship and forbade intermarriage with non-Jews.
Life in the Jewish ghettos of the Holocaust was indeed torture. After their invasion of Poland in , the Nazis began setting up Jewish ghettos both in that country and across Europe. Jewish civilians were branded and forcibly deported into small, cramped quarters, often segregated from the rest of the city with walls or barbed wire. There they waited, hoped, and prayed, most unaware that this was nothing more than the first step in the Nazi plot for the systematic eradication of Europe's Jewish population.