His debut album and its title song " Matthew and Son " both reached top ten in the UK charts. In December , Stevens converted to Islam  and adopted the name Yusuf Islam the following year. In , he auctioned all of his guitars for charity.
Who Is Cat Stevens?
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By any name, Yusuf Islam is a legend. Fifty years ago, the man who came to fame as Cat Stevens released his masterpiece album, "Tea For the Tillerman. And now, he has a new album coming out in the fall, but you might already know every word to every song. In "Tea For the Tillerman 2," Yusuf has re-recorded every track, but with the perspective that 50 years of living can bring. The songs seem as fresh as ever, and — at almost 72 — so does he. How'd you do that? Don't drink. Don't smoke. Don't take drugs.
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Early in a Cat Stevens, a. Yusuf Islam, a. It did not sound like ersatz show-biz banter; it sounded humble, childlike even, as if he himself were surprised by the emotion. It sounded like capitulation. The crowd, in response, rose to its feet en masse, producing a sound that was more than just a cheer. It was an embrace. It was an acknowledgment by artist and audience alike: Cat Stevens, a figure who, for all intents and purposes, had ceased to exist more than three decades ago, had come back.
Cat Stevens' parents ran a restaurant where he learned to play the piano as a child. At age 18, he signed with Decca Records and released his first album, and his single "Wild World" made him a star. Young Stevens and his siblings often pitched in and waited tables. The family lived in a small apartment over the restaurant — the place where Stevens first learned to play the piano — and the glitz, glamour and the nearby theatre presence of the West End was a strong influence on the young musician. Although he was raised Greek Orthodox, Stevens' parents opted to send him to a Roman Catholic school. The combination of the two religious influences helped him develop a strong moral conscience, and provided an anti-Muslim slant to his upbringing. At the age of eight, Stevens' parents divorced but continued to cohabitate.